Female urology is a subspecialty of urology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of urological conditions that commonly affect women. These conditions are due to the unique anatomy of the female urinary tract and reproductive system.
Here are the most common Urological Problems For Women and how to treat them.
Chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Many women suffer from recurring urinary tract infections (UTIs), otherwise known as chronic UTIs. Chronic UTIs are defined as having at least two infections in six months or three infections in one year. This condition is typically caused by bacterial infection, with each new infection caused by a different strain of bacteria. It is unknown why some women are more prone to chronic UTIs. Symptoms of UTIs include frequent or intense urges to urinate; pain or burning sensation during urination; and milky, cloudy or reddish-brown urine. More severe symptoms may also include fever or chills, pain in the back or side, nausea and vomiting.
Pelvic floor prolapse
Pelvic floor prolapse is a condition in which the muscles, ligaments and skin surrounding a woman’s vagina weaken or break, causing pelvic organs such as the uterus, rectum, bladder, urethra, small bowel or vagina to fall out of their normal position. This condition most commonly affects older women whose pelvic muscles and tissues are weakened or stretched from the effects of gravity, loss of estrogren, strain of childbirth or surgery. Symptoms may include pelvic pressure and discomfort, sexual discomfort and problems urinating or defecating. However, some women do not experience any symptoms.
Urinary incontinence, or the involuntary leakage of urine, is a medical problem that can be treated or cured. There are several different types of incontinence, each with a different cause. These include stress incontinence, urge incontinence (also called “overactive bladder”), overflow incontinence, mixed incontinence, total incontinence and urogenital incontinence.
Vaginal prolapsed is a type of pelvic floor prolapse in which the muscles of the vagina are weakened and allow other pelvic organs to push into the vaginal wall. These are several different types of vaginal prolapse, including rectocele (prolapsed rectum), cystocele (prolapsed bladder), urethrocele (prolapsed urethra), cystourethrocele (prolapsed bladder and urethra), enterocele (herniated small bowel), prolapsed uterus and vaginal vault prolapse.
Voiding dysfunction is a condition in which the bladder is not able to empty properly. Symptoms typically include frequent urination (urinating more than eight times per day), urgency (strong urge to urinate) and inability to empty the bladder.
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