Gingivectomy is surgical removal of gum tissue, or gingiva. Gingivectomy can be used to treat conditions like gingivitis. It’s also used to remove extra gum tissue for cosmetic reasons, such as to modify a smile.
Who’s a candidate for Gingivectomy?
A dentist may recommend Gingivectomy if you have gum recession from:
- gum diseases, like gingivitis
- bacterial infections
- gum injury
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is serious as it affects not only your gums but also the bone that holds your root. It begins with gingivitis and proceeds to a bacterial infection that can lead to tooth loss and gum recession. Symptoms can include:
- Bleeding gums
- Bone loss that is detected with an x-ray
- Loose teeth
- Gum recession
- Pus or clear fluid from the gums and the gum line
If gingivitis is allowed to progress, plaque and calculus can spread into the natural pocket between the ridge of the gum line and the tooth’s enamel leading to inflammation. The inflammation widens the slim gaps that occur naturally between the tooth and gum. This widening allows more bacteria to aggravate the sensitive tissue along the root’s outer surface, creating severe damage if left unchecked. The only way progression can be stopped is to prescribe a gingivectomy. In some cases, a gingivoplasty is used to re-shape the gumline to assist in treatment.
What is the Difference Between Gingivectomy & Gingivoplasty?
Both surgeries involve the removal of gum tissue. The main difference between the two procedures is that a gingivectomy removes diseased gum tissue surrounding a gum pocket while a gingivoplasty is performed to reshape gum tissue usually for cosmetic reasons. A gingivoplasty can be used in combination with a gingivectomy and there are also cases where a gingivectomy can be used for cosmetic procedures.
What are the Benefits of a Gingivectomy?
- The benefits of a gingivectomy include:
- Diseased tissue is removed
- Pocket depth is reduced
- Gum disease is halted and/or controlled
- Improves ability to maintain good hygiene
- Helps save teeth and bone
- Contributes to oral health
How Do I Know If I Need a Gingivectomy?
Your dentist is the best person to tell you if you could benefit from a gingivectomy. Some people get a gingivectomy after braces if their orthodontist suggests it. Dental professionals can tell you if you would benefit from the procedure and explain the pros and cons of having it done.
The biggest benefit of having a gingivectomy is improving your oral health. Of course, regular preventative care check-ups are your best chance at avoiding these procedures. Your dentist can catch potential issues early and hopefully prevent you from developing gum disease altogether.
At Amrita Medical Center, our staff is happy to answer any of your questions and help you decide if the right fit for you. We even offer same day appointments for your convenience. Contact us here!